What is CBD oil?
Cannabidiol (CBD) oil comes from a constituent of the cannabis plant, which is a flowering plant from the Cannabaceae family. It contains a low level of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the compound which gives marijuana its psychoactive nature. CBD contains high levels of cannabinoids which are phytochemicals or active compounds that are naturally occurring. While phytochemicals often have biological significance, they are not considered an essential nutrient, such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, or water.
Research is continually looking at the benefits of CBD. The National Institute of Health (NIH) is supporting efforts to increase the access to research and reducing current barriers in this area. NIH supports studies that are trying to determine the effectiveness of CBD for therapeutic benefits while learning of any potential health risks. As more attention is given to CBD and marijuana in general, the more research will be able to advance knowledge of this potentially beneficial compound. While some states recognize the benefits the plant can offer, others are still fighting legalization of any form. With continued research and positive results, more states are likely to join with those who understand the benefits of CBD.
Do you get high from CBD oil?
It is not possible to get high from CBD oil. It does not produce an intoxication or euphoria effect such as is found with smoking or ingesting marijuana. People who are considering using CBD oil for health issues needn’t worry about getting ‘high’ or feeling out of sorts. There is a big difference between CBD and THC.
CBD oil is often looked upon negatively due to the information generally heard about THC, another compound that is found in the marijuana plant. THC has psychotropic properties that make ingesting it dangerous as it can cause: impaired judgement, increased anxiety, accelerated heartbeat, memory problems, difficulty for a developing brain (especially for fetuses), bronchitis, phlegm along with a cough, lung irritation, weakened immune system, and slowed reaction time. As with other drugs, there can be some complications from withdrawal for those who have become addicted to THC. Although addiction to marijuana is not common, it’s estimated that 6-8 percent of people who try marijuana will become addicted to it.
Long term effects of smoking or ingesting marijuana can depend on a lot of factors such as how it’s taken, how often it’s used, and how much is used. While the short term effects are apparent, long term effects haven’t been studied as much. With many states legalizing marijuana for either recreational or medicinal use, more studies will likely be conducted with more answers as to how marijuana can impact the body long term.
CBD oil doesn’t produce any of the same side effects as THC does, but the stigma remains. Slowly, with more education about the benefits of CBD, that stigma should change to one of understanding the benefits it can offer as well as the difference between CBD and THC.
Does CBD show up on a drug test?
CBD oil is different from THC and not just in the effects on the body.
Many companies test for marijuana use by using a standard drug test that detects THC. They do this to screen out applicants that are drug users who could potentially cause problems on the job. Take for example truck drivers; a semi-truck weighs around 40 tons where a normal passenger car weighs about two and a half tons. Should that truck driver get into an accident due to side effects from THC, the company would be liable for any accidents, up to and including wrongful death of any victims. Not only can that be extremely expensive and lead to lawsuits, but that’s just not how most companies want to conduct business.
Due to the nature of THC, companies target this compound when testing potential applicants. TCH stays in the body anywhere from 10 to 90 days, depending on how much and how frequently it’s used. The test for THC is done by testing the urine of the person. While these tests have been around for years, the same isn’t true about CBD. The tests don’t target CBD as it doesn’t have any negative side effects and if it’s used strictly for medicinal use, it wouldn’t show up on a drug test.
Is it legal to use CBD oil?
In the United States, CBD has not yet been fully approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with the exception of a drug containing CBD called Epidiolex. This drug has shown efficacy for fighting two rare types of epilepsy found in children, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. Epidiolex is only prescribed for children over the age of two.
Epilepsy is a neurological condition where a person will experience recurring seizures, or convulsions of the body. Seizures are often accompanied by confusion or blackouts, unresponsiveness, rigidness of the body, and jerking motions. This happens due to a rapid surge in the brain from electrical activity which causes a disturbance between the brain cell systems. Seizures can be mild to severe, depending on the individual. Prior to Epidiolex, anti-seizure medications were used although many of these can cause severe negative side effects to the patients, such as drowsiness, poor coordination, irritability, vomiting, nausea, liver toxicity, hair loss, weight gain, headaches, and more. This is one reason people are looking more at CBD oil as an alternative.
What ailments does CBD oil help with?
Scientific research has been able to show numerous benefits to taking CBD oil. Some of these include:
Digestive Aid – Some people who are suffering from certain illnesses just don’t feel like eating. The problem is, the body needs the minerals and vitamins from food to help heal itself. CBD oil can help to stimulate the appetite in these people. An additional benefit is that CBD oil can help to curb nausea and vomiting in people who are going through chemotherapy or other treatments that have a serious impact on the body.
Anxiety Relief – For those individuals who suffer from severe anxiety, CBD oil can help. While THC often promotes anxiety, CBD oil does the exact opposite. In addition to reduced anxiety, both cognitive impairment and an easier time speaking are results of taking the oil. CBD oil is often a better treatment for anxiety than the anti-depression medications that have been used in the past because it acts faster and doesn’t have any withdrawal symptoms.
Analgesic – CBD oil acts as a natural analgesic which relieves pain. It can help with short term pain or long term pain, such as with what a cancer patient may experience.
Cancer Spread – The National Cancer Institute has conducted studies on the benefits of CBD oil and has determined that it has anti-tumor effects. They believe this happens because the CBDs inhibit growth of cancer cells and by CBDs controlling the spread of the cancer cells. Other studies have shown that CBD can help to prevent cancer cells from traveling far in the body to other tissues away from where it originated.
Antipsychotic – It’s estimated that 1.1 percent of the population has psychotic episodes from symptoms that are associated with schizophrenia. That translates to roughly 2.4 million adults just in the United States alone. These people can benefit from fewer psychotic episodes when taking CBD oil, which is usually taken in higher doses than for other ailments or diseases.
Chronic Pain Relief – Researchers believe that CBD works with receptors in the brain and the immune system in a way that promotes pain relief and helps with inflammation. CBD oil can also help to treat insomnia which can be related to chronic pain.
Migraines – Initial studies have shown that some people respond well to CBD oil for the treatment of migraines. To date, there hasn’t been enough research to conclude that it does work, although about 40 percent of people who were studied felt it helped to reduce the number of their migraines during a month.
Acne – Acne is a result of the overproduction of sebum, which is a lipid (oil) that is excreted by sebaceous glands on the skin. It helps to promote waterproofing of skin to help protect it. If lipids overproduce it can cause too much oil to be on the skin. The oil attracts dirt and results in acne. CBD oil helps to inhibit the production of lipids, resulting in a reduction of acne.
Sleeplessness – CBD oil has been shown to help with insomnia by itself and it can also be used with sleep medications to help promote their efficacy. Although researchers still aren’t sure how it works with sleeplessness, it has been shown to be very effective for most people.
Is there proof CBD oil works or just anecdotal evidence?
Anecdotal evidence of the efficacy of CBD oil is abundant. There are numerous studies taking place as more and more states get on board with legalizing marijuana and CBD oil.
While some studies have shown great promise, the FDA is working closely with companies who are testing and evaluating the effects of CBD oil on various conditions. To date however, Epidiolex is the only proven drug the FDA has approved.
People who are advocating for the use of CBD oil say in addition to treating conditions or illnesses with it, what the studies don’t show is the change in quality of life. There are less side effects when compared to other FDA approved drugs.
How does CBD help biologically?
While the term endocannabinoid system may be new to some, it is indeed a real thing. The system was discovered when scientists found it as they were studying the effects of marijuana on the body. They named it based on endo for endogenous and cannabinoid for the compounds that activate the system. It’s found in the brain and coordinates with the central and peripheral nervous systems. It’s made up of neuromodulatory lipids and works with their receptors. Cannabinoid receptors can be found throughout the body. They are involved in many physiological processes including pain-sensation, memory, mood, and appetite.
CBD works by modulating several of the non-cannabinoid receptors and their ion channels. It can also work through different receptor-independent pathways. Essentially, the CBD works by either inhibiting or enhancing how certain proteins bind to receptors. It works with serotonin receptors that are typically associated with mood, vanilloid receptors which are associated with pain, GPR55-orphan receptors which help to determine bone density and blood pressure, PPARs which are nuclear receptors that help to prevent tumor growth, reuptake inhibitors which help to prevent seizures, and acts as an allosteric modulator which helps to relieve anxiety.
Is CBD oil safe?
CBD oil is touted by many to be safe and free from most side effects, while helping with a wide range of illnesses and disease. Since it is not yet regulated by the FDA, there is no proof of these claims although scientists are trying to find answers to this question. A small percentage of people using CBD oil have experienced dizziness, depression, hallucination, irritability, and insomnia. While these cases seem to be rare, there is no way of knowing just how the oil will act in any given body. To date, there have been no known overdoses of CBD oil and it is overwhelmingly considered to be safe. People who have taken more than the standard dosage have reported feeling very tired.
Using CBD Oil
CBD oil is most often taken sublingually (under the tongue) by drops, tincture, or spray. The body absorbs many medications faster when taken this way as it reaches the digestive system faster and is easily broken down. For people experiencing acne, there are transdermal patches that can be applied to the skin, much like a bandage so the area affected can be targeted by the CBD. Others prefer to vape CBD oil. Essentially, it’s up to the person taking the oil to determine the best method of receiving it into their bodies.
Dosages range from 2.5-120 milligrams for most ailments except for schizophrenia. The recommended dosages for schizophrenia are between 40-1,280 milligrams daily for four weeks. Others take the oil on average for eight weeks or until relief of symptoms. When using a spray, patients can do eight sprays in any three hour time span. The maximum should be 48 sprays during any 24 hour period. Many people begin to experience the benefits of CBD oil in as little as 30 minutes. Due to the oil helping cause relaxation, it’s common for people to take it prior to bedtime.
Since CBD oil isn’t regulated by the FDA, finding the right dosage can be tricky as the FDA won’t make recommendations. A high quality oil will mean there needs to be less taken, while a lower quality oil will mean more may be needed. Other factors to consider are height and weight, severity of symptoms, and individual metabolism. So when it comes to dosage, it is an individual thing that may need to be experimented with over time to find out what works best. There is no specific dosage for anyone.
Where do you buy CBD From?
CBD oil can be purchased in states that have passed legislation approving it, even though it remains illegal under federal law. States that have passed laws allowing medicinal and recreational marijuana allow the sale of CBD oil and currently 44 states in the U.S. allow CBD oil to be sold. Idaho, Nebraska, South Dakota, Kansas, West Virginia, and Indiana are the states that sill outlaw CBD. Each state has its own rules as to if it’s freely available or available for only certain illnesses or diseases. CBD can be found in organic food stores and supplement stores around the country. It is also available online from numerous stores. Just be sure to buy from a reputable business that uses all-natural cannabidiol, Terpenes, and other cannabinoids like CBD Pure. They’ve been in business since 2016 and make the highest-quality CBD oil available.
Quality is of concern to many consumers and knowing how to find that quality is important. Only four states, Colorado, Alaska, Oregon, and Washington, test for potency and purity. The CBD oil must pass lab tests that are state mandated in order to qualify for being sold on shelves.
If purchasing in a state other than the four listed, it’s important to consider several factors before buying CBD oil. First, make sure the CBD oil has no THC in the formula. (There is limited research which shows that a tiny amount of THC can improve the efficacy of CBD, although enough about this isn’t yet known). It’s also important to avoid companies that claim their products can cure almost anything. As with anything on the market, quality is almost always more important than quantity. Online reviews can be a good source of information, especially for products that have many reviewers. A consumer can always request results from third party labs to ensure quality or potency. If the company doesn’t have these or refuses to share the information, it may be time to find another source. Since the FDA isn’t directly involved in CBD oil, there are no guarantees so each person must do their own due diligence when purchasing CBD oil.
The CBD oil industry is booming and it’s expected to reach over $2.1 billion dollars by 2020. This would lead one to believe that not only does it work for many people, but eventually the FDA will get involved in regulating it. If that happens, people will have to worry less about quality and efficacy. Until that time, it’s a matter of taking the initiative to figure out what works best for each individual and the best dosage for their symptoms.