Beginner’s Guide to Greenhouse Gardening

Winter is just around the corner, and for those plant enthusiasts that ache for the renewal of spring, we can find our minds drifting to how we can keep those spring and summer flowers in our midst. If you’ve got a bit of a green thumb or just want to try your hand at planting throughout the year, a greenhouse is a way to go.

How Should You Get Started?

Whether you’ve gardened before or are just trying your hand at it, greenhouses aren’t as intimidating as they might sound. From smaller walk-in greenhouse sheds to sizable glasshouses that can be home to an entire nursery, there’s a greenhouse to fit all of your needs. First, think about what sort of structure you can see yourself using on your property. Think about space and height, walking room, as well as ways to heat and cool the space. Not sure what you want? Many companies offer prefabricated greenhouses that come in all different sizes and styles.

Understand Your Climate

Of course, once you’ve decided on a greenhouse, you feel like it should be time to get to the gardening. If you’re new to gardening, there’s at least one more major element that you should keep into account. What’s your climate zone like?

Each part of the country is assigned a hardiness zone, based on the winter temperatures that a particular region experiences on average. This matters more to those who plan to plant outdoors as you should always choose plants that fall well within your region’s range. Even though using a greenhouse can all but eliminate that worry by allowing greater seasonal control over your plants and foods, it’s best to understand how your area’s seasons, humidity, dryness, and hardiness will affect what you plan to grow. With care, you can take control over lighting, watering, and even the content of the soil, but the more knowledge you have of your zone, the greater your ability will be to combat the disadvantages it makes for growing.

Starting with Seeds

Understand what you want to grow, looking at how easy they are to grow for newcomers. If this is your first attempt tending to a greenhouse or garden, you might have great ambitions about what you intend to plant. Use caution when you first start out, however! The backs of seed packets and the internet are a fantastic resource to help you start even the most difficult seeds, but using “easy starters” can give you the base of experience you need to expertly grow other, more temperamental plants and foods in the future.

How do you plan to grow the seeds? Most first-time greenhouse growers choose to go the traditional route with planter beds and pots. Growing in soil is a tried and true way to get results, and continues to be a cost-effective option for those just starting out. Be cautious and don’t an ample amount of research on every seed you’re planning to plant. Not every plant does well in standard potting soil, so know what plant needs what, from spacing in the soil to the correct times to plant.

Hydroponics can work, depending on what you’re trying growing and the room you have. Hydroponic cultivation can streamline the growing process, giving certain plants, fruits, and vegetables a stable alternative to growing in soil. Of course, although hydroponics can give you more control, it can be a costly option for those just starting out, but it’s still worth reading up on!

Soil and Water

Proper planting, soil, and watering techniques are necessary to keep your greenhouse plants thriving. If you’re unsure about the correct plant span, sun or light exposure, or watering, make sure to research each plant for its particular needs. If you plan to pick up seeds or starter plants from a nursery, ask around for tips or tricks to the vitality of your plants.

When it comes to soil and water, going the extra mile to make your first greenhouse prospects flourish is actually quite simple. For instance, making your own topsoil is an option. It’s a good way to cut down on costs, but more importantly, it’s a chance to learn. Many plants need the soil of a particular dryness, acidity level, and nutrients. Learning how to mix your own that’s right for a certain plant gives you the chance to understand what feeds that plant best. This can give you a more intimate look into what you’re growing. 

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